Written by Wendy Dunham.

Ovation Balladeer Model 1122

I started out in music by singing quite well at age 5, then stopped abruptly when I was laughed at in Kindergarden. In high school, I was toying with a cheap nylon string guitar that only had two strings on it. I probably discovered every chord and sound combination possible! While in college, I got a part-time job working inside Audiotek Recording Studios (ASI) at 711 W. Broadway, Minneapolis, MN winding magnetic tape into cassettes for MetaCom, Inc. Later, I operated their Telex duplicators and did tape editing of vocal recording masters. 


I bought my first steel string acoustic guitar: an Ovation Balladeer. It featured a radically rounded back that was molded from the same synthetic material used in helicopter blades, making it the loudest un-amplified acoustic guitar ever produced. I couldn't read or write music, but I developed a play-by-ear relationship that continues to this day. I remember that I chose to starve for two weeks in order to purchase that Ovation! That kind of passion was typical as I began to amass more musical gear and slowly build up my home studio.

My 1973 Fender Stratocaster

As a child, I often took things apart to see how they work, and sometimes getting electrical shocks in the process! I actually heard 60 Hertz alternating current in my head – ouch! Radios, phonograph players, toys, doorknobs - everything was fair game for my curiosity. I would analyze the look things and began drawing realistic trains, perspective views, tree branches and dinosaurs by age 5. That same acuity led to my music explorations.

After seeing a major rock band perform on tour in Minneapolis, I just had to have an electric guitar and make that sound, especially sustained notes. So I sauntered up to B-Sharp Music in Minneapolis and bought a legendary Jimi Hendrix-style Fender Stratocaster (white body/maple neck) and Fender Twin Reverb amplifier, all for the incredibly low price of $600! I remember Trini Lopez the owner exclaiming Let me get this straight: you want me to sell you this custom guitar and this amplifier for only $600? is this really all the money you have? When I sheepishly replied "yes", he said to come back with another $50 for the guitar case, and he would let everything go for that price. I was elated and I was now "electric"! This new interest quickly escalated into frequent trips (down the street) to Knut-Koupee Music in South Minneapolis to buy supporting effects such as distortion, phaser, delay, wah-wah pedal, strings, picks, cables, magazines, etc. It was like some newly discovered culture to explore endlessly on weekends. Yup, I was hooked big time!

Dreaming With Open Eyes

My early recordings were live jams to my rhythm recordings on 1/4" reel-to-reel, and later, left and right channel splits into a cassette deck. My song Inner Notes on Dreaming With Open Eyes (below) was recorded in this manner. No multitrack recording for me – that remained the exclusive domain of professional recording studios.

"Notes From Within" by Wendy Dunham

Steinberg Pro-24 III for Atari (color)

However, something happened that changed my music world: I bought an Atari ST computer to do digital artwork. Then one night I saw a Computer Chronicles show entitled MIDI Music about using a software program that emulated a multitrack recording studio. By recording notes from different instrument sounds in a MIDI keyboard, it allowed you to play all the separately recorded tracks back at once. When I saw that, a little "light bulb" went on over my head, and I curiously looked at the back of my computer. There I discovered two weird looking plugs – I did indeed have this new MIDI capability! So off I went to buy a Casio CZ-101, two MIDI cables, and a little MIDI recording software package called EZ Tracks from Hybrid Arts. That same night, I was making rudimentary multitrack music! Soon after, I purchased Steinberg Pro-24 III, the forerunner of Cubase 1.0.

My former MIDI Studio
Steinberg Cubase 1.0 for Atari (mono)

Over time, this MIDI studio began to grow into a monster (left), as is often the case with all so-called "hobbies". It ultimately scaled to include over $15,000 worth of gear including loads of synthesizers, drum machines, digital samplers, F/X modules, cables, digital and analog support devices, a multi channel MIDI expander, a Synapse MIDI router, a MIDI-controlled audio mixer, and a large A-frame rack to hold it all. I also moved up to Steinberg's Cubase recording software (for which I quickly became a beta tester) and Steinberg's MIDI Studio Manager. Later, I purchased DECK digital recording software to add live guitar to the MIDI recordings. (DECK was created by people who felt Pro Tools was too expensive for the average musician). The mix was recorded to a special cassette deck capable of recording up to 18 kHz.  It was a very complex system but worked well and allowed me to create professional quality music.

synapse-700Synapse MIDI Router used in my old studio. (I'm glad I no longer require expensvive stuff like this!)

I had my first 15 minutes of fame when The Garden Path At Twilight (below) from my album Dreaming With Open Eyes received national airplay. That album was added to the iTunes Music Store. Due to some extenuating circumstances, I had to disband my MIDI studio. I kept my trusty Fender Stratocaster.

"The Garden Path at Twilight" by Wendy Dunham

Propellerhead's Reason

Later, something radical began happening to music creation: software and computers progressed to the point where they were capable of total synthesis. In other words, you no longer need tons of hardware, synthesizers, and F/X boxes connected to a computer – the software has become both the recording studio and all the musical devices, keyboards and modules! That software is called Reason from Propellerhead Software. Other than a single MIDI keyboard for input, everything else resides inside the software as virtual instruments, F/X, and master class mixing hardware! Live instruments can be added, either by imported previous recordings into it's virtual samplers or syncing Reason to other digital audio recording applications, such as Garageband or Logic, using the built-in Rewire technology. This is how I was adding guitar and vocals in my Virtual Studio.

Believe me, this technology seriously competes with recording studios. Indeed, most of the big studios have gone away due to the digital revolution. Some professional musicians are even ditching their old hardware-based studios and switching to Reason to create polished recordings. Music authored with Reason appears regularly on the television series CSI, movie soundtracks, and various artist albums. My album The Magic of Hyacinth was produced entirely with Reason, as has every song and album since then.

Propellerhead's Reason 6

On 9-9-09, Propellerhead Software released a new companion to Reason called Record, which finally brought digital recording and DAW capability to Reason's MIDI. Record and all it's audio recording features was later combined into the new Reason 6 and will no longer be a separate program! Now you can have the best of both worlds: superb MIDI software and digital recording capabilities, all in the same interface. Not only are digital and MIDI integrated seamlessly in the same app via Properllerhead's elegant approach, you also get an amazing mixing console modeled after the legendary SSL 9000k analog mixing desk. Forget the expense, learning curve and power-hungry plug-in architecture of Pro ToolsReason 6 is an easy-to-use "pro" solution for digital and MIDI recording that doesn't break your piggy bank! If you think Pro Tools is the only valid way to go, you may not have given Propellerhead a spin! Laughing

Propellerhead Software always felt VST plug-ins were unstable and not well integrated into other DAWs. So for Reason, they created Rack Extensions (RE), which integrate well and additionally allow audio and control voltage (CV) routing. 3rd party developers have created some quality RE's such as Softube TSAR-1 Reverb, Softube FET Compressor, iZotope Ozone Maximizer, Selig Leveler, Cakewalk RE-2A Leveler Amplifier (modeled LA-2A), GF Re-Tron, Korg Polysix and Monopoly, Propellerhead PX7 FM Synthesizer (modeled DX-series), Propellerhead Rotor Rotary Speaker (modeled Leslie 122), Rob Papen Predator Synthesizer, Sonic Charge Echobode Frequency Shifter, Synapes Antidote Synthesizer, most Uhbik effects, and many more.

Reason already contains many stock devices such as Kong Drum Designer, Neptune Pitch Adjuster and Voice Synth, Line6 Guitar and Bass POD® amp and cab simulations, Pulveriser Demolition, Alligator Triple Filtered Gate, Audiomadic Retro Transformer, and more.

Reason 7 has added some great new must-have features including Parallel Channels, Group Channels, Spectrum Analyzer (with EQ controls that directly change the SSL EQ knobs), and audio quantize & slicing using their industry-best time stretch. And for those who have external MIDI instruments or softsynths, the External MIDI Instruments rack device now connects them to Reason. Reason 7 is practically an all-in-one solution for music creation, mixing, and in some cases, mastering. Many speculate that when the Rack Extension SDK is updated, it will allow for more amazing Rack Extensions. With the advent of more capable RE's, this may indeed allow one to do it all inside Reason. At the moment, the only thing I do in another DAW is mastering via iZotope's Ozone 5 Advanced. But that need may vanish as the Rack Extension format progresses and reduces or eliminates the need for using plug-ins in another DAW to complete or master a song.

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